Coase-Sandor Working Paper Series in Law and Economics

The Perceived Intrusiveness of Searching Electronic Devices at the Border: An Empirical Study

Matthew B. Kugler

Chicago Unbound includes both works in progress and final versions of articles. Please be aware that a more recent version of this article may be available on Chicago Unbound, SSRN or elsewhere.


This paper presents new empirical data that seeks to quantify the privacy interests and expectations of regular people in the context of a border crossing. Courts have previously disagreed about whether travelers understand that their electronic devices a