On September 12, 2000, by a lopsided 190 to 33 vote in the lower house of Parliament, the Netherlands became the first country to allow same-sex couples to marry on the same terms as heterosexual couples. The measure had the support of all of the parties in the ruling coalition and even some members of the conservative opposition. On December 19, 2000, the marriage law was approved by the upper house of parliament by a vote of 49 to 26.2 After approval by the upper house, the bill was signed into law by Queen Beatrix on December 21, 2000, and took effect on April 1, 2001. The Dutch law requires that at least one partner either be a Dutch citizen or be domiciled in the Netherlands. [CONT]
Patterson, Nicholas J.
"The Repercussions in the European Union of the Netherlands' Same-Sex Marriage Law,"
Chicago Journal of International Law:
1, Article 23.
Available at: https://chicagounbound.uchicago.edu/cjil/vol2/iss1/23