Chicago Journal of International Law


In the wake of the 2008 financial crisis, a new global governance structure emerged. During and subsequent to the crisis, the G20 emerged as a coordinating executive among international governance institutions. It set policy agendas and prioritized initiatives. Working through the Financial Stability Board, the G20 coordinated with other governance institutions and networks to set standards, monitor enforcement and compliance, and aid recovery. Its partners included the International Monetary Fund, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, the World Trade OrganiZation, the International Association of Insurance Supervisors and the International Organization of Securities Commissions. Its authority cuts across regimes and creates collaborative linkages between economic law and social issues such as food security and the environment. Its leadership role, born out of exigency, now continues to evolve as part of the new international order of economic laws. The G20's coordination of institutions and networks exemplifies a new form of global governance. Network coordination offers an opportunity to confront complex problems with a needed comprehensive approach. The institutions and networks engage in an ongoing dialectical process that propels standard setters toward convergence on a number of fronts. The actors in this process employ a variety of tools to forge consensus and the G20 leverages this consensus-creating process to achieve its goals. Unpacking these tools can hep scholars tackle intricate questions that arise from the G20's coordination role. In particular, we focus on concerns regarding the effectiveness and legitimacy of the G20's coordination of multiple networks and institutions.