Coase-Sandor Working Paper Series in Law and Economics
Research examining whether the laws of war change state behavior has produced conflicting results, and limitations of observational studies have stalled progress on the topic. I have conducted a survey experiment to bring new evidence to the debate. I directly test whether a mechanism hypothesized to drive compliance with international law—public opinion—creates pressure to comply with the laws of war. The results provide qualified support to research suggesting that democracies may comply with the laws of war when there is the expectation of reciprocity, and demonstrate the potential of using experimental methods to study the laws of war.
Adam S. Chilton, "The Laws of War and Public Opinion: An Experimental Study" (Coase-Sandor Institute for Law & Economics Working Paper No. 687, 2014).