Law & Economics Working Papers
The international law of state responsibility determines when states are liable for international law violations. States are generally liable when they have control over the actions of wrongdoers; thus, the actions of state officials can implicate state responsibility whereas the acts of private citizens usually do not. We argue that the rules of state responsibility have an economic logic similar to that of vicarious liability in domestic law: the law in both cases provides third parties with incentives to control the behavior of wrongdoers whom they can monitor and influence. We also discuss international legal remedies and individual liability under international criminal law.
Alan O. Sykes & Eric Posner, "An Economic Analysis of State and Individual Responsibility under International Law" (John M. Olin Program in Law and Economics Working Paper No. 279, 2006).