Coase-Sandor Working Paper Series in Law and Economics

Publication Date

2002

Publication Title

Law & Economics Working Papers

Abstract

This paper examines the implementation of two-tier consumption taxes, which are business-level VAT-like taxes with a progressive wage tax at the employee level and a wage credit or deduction at the business level. The focus is on a proposal known as the x-tax. The x-tax has many desirable features, and is worth serious attention. Nevertheless, designing a workable two-tier system will be a challenge. The paper examines three issues in particular. First, the x-tax and all two-tier consumption taxes raise implementation problems because they must be origin-based under the GATT yet origin-based systems, it is argued, have significant avoidance problems. Second, the x-tax and most U.S. proposals purport to be based on the subtraction method. The credit invoice model, however, may be more appropriate. Finally, the paper discusses transition.

Number

163

Included in

Law Commons

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